The Resource Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970, [by] Kenneth Y. Chay [and] Michael Greenstone., (electronic resource)

Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970, [by] Kenneth Y. Chay [and] Michael Greenstone., (electronic resource)

Label
Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970
Title
Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970
Statement of responsibility
[by] Kenneth Y. Chay [and] Michael Greenstone.
Creator
Contributor
Provider
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
We examine the effects of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution on infant health using the air quality improvements induced by the 1970 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). This legislation imposed strict regulations on industrial polluters in "nonattainment" counties with TSPs concentrations exceeding the federal ceiling. We use nonattainment status as an instrumental variable for TSPs changes to estimate their impact on infant mortality changes in the first year that the 1970 CAAA was in force. TSPs nonattainment status is associated with sharp reductions in both TSPs pollution and infant mortality from 1971 to 1972. The greater reductions in nonattainment counties near the federal ceiling relative to the "attainment" counties narrowly below the ceiling suggest that the regulations are the cause. We estimate that a one percent decline in TSPs results in a 0.5 percent decline in the infant mortality rate. Most of these effects are driven by a reduction in deaths occurring within one month of birth, suggesting that fetal exposure is a potential biological pathway. The results imply that roughly 1,300 fewer infants died in 1972 than would have in the absence of the Clean Air Act. Keywords: air pollution, clean air act, infant mortality, environmental regulations, benefits of regulation. JEL Classifications: I12, I16, Q25
Member of
Additional physical form
Abstract in HTML and working paper for download in PDF available via World Wide Web at the Social Science Research Network.
Cataloging source
MYG
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1969-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Chay, Kenneth Y.
Funding information
  • Funding from the NSF
  • Funding from the NIH
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • technical reports
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1968-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Greenstone, Michael
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Internet Archive
Series statement
Working paper series / Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Economics
Series volume
working paper 04-08
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Infants
  • Air
  • Air quality
Label
Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970, [by] Kenneth Y. Chay [and] Michael Greenstone., (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
"August 2003."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 42-43)
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
43, [17] p.
Other physical details
ill., map
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)55225526
  • (CaSfIA)airqualityinfant00chay
  • (CaSfIA)001259271
Label
Air quality, infant mortality, and the Clean Air Act of 1970, [by] Kenneth Y. Chay [and] Michael Greenstone., (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
"August 2003."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 42-43)
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
43, [17] p.
Other physical details
ill., map
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)55225526
  • (CaSfIA)airqualityinfant00chay
  • (CaSfIA)001259271

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