The Resource Clean water infrastructure : a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters, (electronic resource)

Clean water infrastructure : a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters, (electronic resource)

Label
Clean water infrastructure : a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters
Title
Clean water infrastructure
Title remainder
a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters
Title variation
Variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
  • tThe Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has estimated that a potential gap between future needs and current spending for wastewater infrastructure of $150 billion to $400 billion could occur over the next decade. A number of entities are involved in planning, financing, building, and operating this infrastructure. Some of these stakeholders have suggested a variety of approaches to bridge this potential gap. One such proposal is to establish a clean water trust fund. In this context, GAO was asked to (1) obtain stakeholders' views on the issues that would need to be addressed in designing and establishing a clean water trust fund and (2) identify and describe potential options that could generate about $10 billion in revenue to support a clean water trust fund. In conducting this review, GAO administered a questionnaire to 28 national organizations representing the wastewater and drinking water industries, state and local governments, engineers, and environmental groups and received 22 responses; reviewed proposals and industry papers; interviewed federal, state, local, and industry officials; and used the most current data available to estimate the revenue that could potentially be raised by various taxes on a range of products and activities. GAO is not making any recommendations. While this report identifies a number of funding options, GAO is not endorsing any option and does not have a position on whether or not a trust fund should be established. In designing and establishing a clean water trust fund, stakeholders identified three main issues that would need to be addressed: how a trust fund should be administered and used; what type of financial assistance should be provided; and what activities should be eligible to receive funding from a trust fund. While a majority of stakeholders said that a trust fund should be administered through an EPA partnership with the states, they differed in their views on how a trust fund should be used. About a third of
  • Stakeholders responded that a trust fund should be used only to fund the existing Clean Water State Revolving Fund (CWSRF), which is currently funded primarily through federal appropriations, while a few said it should support only a new and separate wastewater program. A few stakeholders supported using a trust fund to support both the CWSRF and a separate program, while others did not support the establishment of a trust fund at all. In addition, more than half of the stakeholders responded that financial assistance should be distributed using a combination of loans and grants to address the needs of different localities. Finally, although a variety of activities could be funded, most stakeholders identified capital projects as the primary activity that should receive funding from a clean water trust fund. A number of options have been proposed in the past to generate revenue for a clean water trust fund, but several obstacles will have to be overcome in implementing these options, and it may be difficult to generate $10 billion from any one option by itself. Funding options include a variety of excise taxes. In addition, Congress could levy a tax on corporate income. An additional 0.1 percent corporate income tax could raise about $[1-9].4 billion annually. Congress also could levy a water use tax. A tax of 0.01 cent per gallon could raise about $[1-9].3 billion annually. Regardless of the options selected, certain implementation obstacles will have to be overcome. These include defining the products or activities to be taxed, establishing a collection and enforcement framework, and obtaining stakeholder support for a particular option or mix of options
Member of
Cataloging source
ProQuest
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName
ProQuest U.S. Congressional Research Digital Collection
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/organizationName
United States
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Mittal, Anu K
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Federal aid to water resources development
  • Water resources development
  • Water-supply
  • Water reuse
Label
Clean water infrastructure : a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
mixed
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Color
black and white
Dimensions
24 cm.
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
ii, 45 p.
File format
one file format
Form of item
electronic
Level of compression
mixed
Other physical details
ill., digital, PDF file
Quality assurance targets
present
Reformatting quality
preservation
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
cis2007806826
System details
System requirements: PDF reader software
Label
Clean water infrastructure : a variety of issues need to be considered when designing a clean water trust fund : report to congressional requesters, (electronic resource)
Publication
Antecedent source
mixed
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Color
black and white
Dimensions
24 cm.
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
ii, 45 p.
File format
one file format
Form of item
electronic
Level of compression
mixed
Other physical details
ill., digital, PDF file
Quality assurance targets
present
Reformatting quality
preservation
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
cis2007806826
System details
System requirements: PDF reader software

Library Locations

  • African Studies LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Alumni Medical LibraryBorrow it
    72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA, 02118, US
    42.336388 -71.072393
  • Astronomy LibraryBorrow it
    725 Commonwealth Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA, 02445, US
    42.350259 -71.105717
  • Fineman and Pappas Law LibrariesBorrow it
    765 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350979 -71.107023
  • Frederick S. Pardee Management LibraryBorrow it
    595 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.349626 -71.099547
  • Howard Gotlieb Archival Research CenterBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 5th Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Mugar Memorial LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Music LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Pikering Educational Resources LibraryBorrow it
    2 Silber Way, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.349804 -71.101425
  • School of Theology LibraryBorrow it
    745 Commonwealth Avenue, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350494 -71.107235
  • Science & Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    38 Cummington Mall, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.348472 -71.102257
  • Stone Science LibraryBorrow it
    675 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02445, US
    42.350103 -71.103784
Processing Feedback ...