The Resource Color in the classroom : how American schools taught race, 1900-1954, Zoë Burkholder

Color in the classroom : how American schools taught race, 1900-1954, Zoë Burkholder

Label
Color in the classroom : how American schools taught race, 1900-1954
Title
Color in the classroom
Title remainder
how American schools taught race, 1900-1954
Statement of responsibility
Zoë Burkholder
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Between the turn of the twentieth century and the Brown v. Board of Education decision in 1954, the way that American schools taught about "race" changed dramatically. This transformation was engineered by the nation's most prominent anthropologists, including Franz Boas, Ruth Benedict, and Margaret Mead, during World War II. Inspired by scientific racism in Nazi Germany, these activist scholars decided that the best way to fight racial prejudice was to teach what they saw as the truth about race in the institution that had the power to do the most good, American schools. Anthropologists created lesson plans, lectures, courses, and pamphlets designed to revise what they called "the race concept" in American education. They believed that if teachers presented race in scientific and egalitarian terms, conveying human diversity as learned habits of culture rather than innate characteristics, American citizens would become less racist. Although nearly forgotten today, this educational reform movement represents an important component of early civil rights activism that emerged alongside the domestic and global tensions of wartime. Drawing on hundreds of first-hand accounts written by teachers nationwide, the author traces the influence of this anthropological activism on the way that teachers understood, spoke, and taught about race. She explains how and why teachers readily understood certain theoretical concepts, such as the division of race into three main categories, while they struggled to make sense of more complex models of cultural diversity and structural inequality. As they translated theories into practice, teachers crafted an educational discourse on race that differed significantly from the definition of race produced by scientists at mid-century. Schoolteachers and their approach to race were put into the spotlight with the Brown v. Board of Education case, but the belief that racially integrated schools would eradicate racism in the next generation and eliminate the need for discussion of racial inequality long predated this. Discussions of race in the classroom were silenced during the early Cold War until a new generation of antiracist, "multicultural" educators emerged in the 1970s
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Burkholder, Zoë
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
HT1506
LC item number
.B87 2011
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Benedict, Ruth
  • Boas, Franz
  • Mead, Margaret
  • Benedict, Ruth
  • Boas, Franz
  • Mead, Margaret
  • Race
  • Racism
  • Lehrstoff
  • Rasse
  • Schule
  • Lehrstoff
  • Rasse
  • Schule
  • Schule
  • Rassenbeziehung
  • Race relations
  • Race
  • Racism
  • United States
  • USA
  • USA
  • USA
  • United States
Label
Color in the classroom : how American schools taught race, 1900-1954, Zoë Burkholder
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction : the social construction of race in American schools -- Race as nation, 1900-1938 -- Franz Boas : reforming "race" in American schools -- Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead : teaching teachers race and culture -- Race as color, 1939-1945 -- Race as culture, 1946-1954 -- Conclusion : race and educational equality after Brown v. Board of Education
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xi, 252 pages
Isbn
9780199751723
Isbn Type
(acid-free paper)
Lccn
2011004602
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
  • (OCoLC)704120398
  • (OCoLC)ocn704120398
Label
Color in the classroom : how American schools taught race, 1900-1954, Zoë Burkholder
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction : the social construction of race in American schools -- Race as nation, 1900-1938 -- Franz Boas : reforming "race" in American schools -- Ruth Benedict and Margaret Mead : teaching teachers race and culture -- Race as color, 1939-1945 -- Race as culture, 1946-1954 -- Conclusion : race and educational equality after Brown v. Board of Education
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xi, 252 pages
Isbn
9780199751723
Isbn Type
(acid-free paper)
Lccn
2011004602
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
  • (OCoLC)704120398
  • (OCoLC)ocn704120398

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