The Resource Divine will and the mechanical philosophy : Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world, Margaret J. Osler

Divine will and the mechanical philosophy : Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world, Margaret J. Osler

Label
Divine will and the mechanical philosophy : Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world
Title
Divine will and the mechanical philosophy
Title remainder
Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world
Statement of responsibility
Margaret J. Osler
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
This book is about ways of understanding contingency and necessity in the world and how these ideas influenced the development of the mechanical philosophy in the seventeenth century. It examines the transformation of medieval ideas about God's relationship to the creation into seventeenth century ideas about matter and method as embodied in early articulations of the mechanical philosophy. Medieval thinkers were primarily concerned with the theological problem of God's relationship to the world he created. They discussed questions about necessity and contingency as related to divine power. By the seventeenth century, the focus had shifted to natural philosophy and the extent and certitude of human knowledge. Underlying theological assumptions continued to be reflected in the epistemological and metaphysical orientations incorporated into different versions of the mechanical philosophy. The differences between Pierre Gassendi's (1592-1655) and Rene Descartes' (1596-1650) versions of the mechanical philosophy directly reflected the differences in their theological presuppositions. Gassendi described a world utterly contingent on divine will. This contingency expressed itself in his conviction that empirical methods are the only way to acquire knowledge about the natural world and that the matter of which all physical things are composed possess some properties that can be known only empirically. Descartes, on the contrary, described a world in which God had embedded necessary relations, some of which enable us to have a priori knowledge of substantial parts of the natural world. The capacity for a priori knowledge extends to the nature of matter which, Descartes claimed to demonstrate, possess only geometrical properties. Gassendi's views can be traced back to the ideas of the fourteenth century nominalists, while Descartes can be linked to Thomist tradition he imbibed at La Fleche. Refracted through the prism of the mechanical philosophy, these theological conceptualizations of contingency and necessity in the world were mirrored in different styles of science that emerged in the second half of the seventeenth century
Related
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1942-2010
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Osler, Margaret J.
Index
index present
LC call number
B1887
LC item number
.O85 1994
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
NLM call number
B1887
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Gassendi, Pierre
  • Descartes, René
  • Gassendi, Pierre
  • Descartes, René
  • Descartes, René
  • Gassendi, Pierre
  • Gassendi, Pierre
  • Descartes, René
  • Gassendi, Pierre
  • Descartes, René
  • God
  • Providence and government of God
  • Contingency (Philosophy)
  • Necessity (Philosophy)
  • Free will and determinism
  • Science
  • Philosophy of nature
  • Philosophie
  • Sciences
  • Histoire
  • Dieu
  • Providence divine
  • Contingence (Philosophie)
  • Nécessité (Philosophie)
  • Libre arbitre et déterminisme
  • Sciences
  • Philosophie de la nature
  • Contingency (Philosophy)
  • Free will and determinism
  • God
  • Necessity (Philosophy)
  • Philosophy of nature
  • Providence and government of God
  • Science
  • Determinisme
  • Schepping
  • Mécanisme (philosophie)
  • Libre arbitre et déterminisme
  • Nécessité
  • Contingence
  • Dieu
  • Dieu
  • Philosophie des sciences
  • Philosophie de la nature
  • Naturphilosophie
  • Zufall
  • Notwendigkeit
  • Mechanik
  • Philosophie
Label
Divine will and the mechanical philosophy : Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world, Margaret J. Osler
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 237-269) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
1. Divine power and divine will in the Middle Ages: Historical and conceptual background -- 2. Baptizing Epicurean philosophy: Gassendi on divine will and the philosophy of nature -- 3. Providence and human freedom in Christian Epicureanism: Gassendi on fortune, fate, and divination -- 4. Theology, metaphysics, and epistemology: Gassendi's "science of appearances" -- 5. Eternal truths and the laws of nature: The theological foundations of Descartes' philosophy of nature -- 6. Gassendi and Descartes in conflict -- 7. Introduction: Theories of matter and their epistemological roots -- 8. Gassendi's atomism: An empirical theory of matter -- 9. Mathematizing nature: Descartes' geometrical theory of matter -- 10. Conclusion: Theology transformed -- the emergence of styles of science
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
xi, 284 pages
Isbn
9780521461047
Isbn Type
(hbk.)
Lccn
93037129
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
System control number
  • (OCoLC)28927689
  • (OCoLC)ocm28927689
Label
Divine will and the mechanical philosophy : Gassendi and Descartes on contingency and necessity in the created world, Margaret J. Osler
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 237-269) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
1. Divine power and divine will in the Middle Ages: Historical and conceptual background -- 2. Baptizing Epicurean philosophy: Gassendi on divine will and the philosophy of nature -- 3. Providence and human freedom in Christian Epicureanism: Gassendi on fortune, fate, and divination -- 4. Theology, metaphysics, and epistemology: Gassendi's "science of appearances" -- 5. Eternal truths and the laws of nature: The theological foundations of Descartes' philosophy of nature -- 6. Gassendi and Descartes in conflict -- 7. Introduction: Theories of matter and their epistemological roots -- 8. Gassendi's atomism: An empirical theory of matter -- 9. Mathematizing nature: Descartes' geometrical theory of matter -- 10. Conclusion: Theology transformed -- the emergence of styles of science
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
xi, 284 pages
Isbn
9780521461047
Isbn Type
(hbk.)
Lccn
93037129
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
System control number
  • (OCoLC)28927689
  • (OCoLC)ocm28927689

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