The Resource Elements of human voice, C. Julian Chen, Columbia University, USA

Elements of human voice, C. Julian Chen, Columbia University, USA

Label
Elements of human voice
Title
Elements of human voice
Statement of responsibility
C. Julian Chen, Columbia University, USA
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Cataloging source
NhCcYBP
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Chen, C. Julian
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
QP306
LC item number
.C44 2017
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
EBSCOhost
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Voice
  • Voice
  • Speech
  • Sound-waves
Label
Elements of human voice, C. Julian Chen, Columbia University, USA
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 203-210) and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Machine generated contents note: pt. I Physics and Physiology -- ch. 1 Acoustic Waves -- 1.1.Wave Equation in a Tube -- 1.1.1.Particle displacement and perturbation density -- 1.1.2.Particle velocity and equation of continuity -- 1.1.3.Perturbation pressure -- 1.1.4.Wave equation -- 1.2.d'Alembert Solution -- 1.3.Euler's Transient Resonator -- 1.4.Energy and Power -- 1.4.1.Power of acoustic wave -- 1.4.2.Acoustic energy density -- 1.5.Zero-Particle-Velocity Wavefronts in a Tube -- 1.5.1.Heuristic discussions -- 1.5.2.Laplace-transform solution -- 1.5.3.Energy conversion -- 1.6.Fourier Analysis -- 1.6.1.Amplitude and phase -- 1.6.2.Complex-variable version -- 1.6.3.Fourier transform -- 1.7.Numerical Values -- 1.7.1.Pitch scale -- 1.7.2.Intensity scale -- ch. 2 Voice Organs -- 2.1.Overall Structure -- 2.2.Vocal Folds -- 2.2.1.Anatomy -- 2.2.2.Strobovideolaryngoscopy -- 2.2.3.Laryngeal electromyography -- 2.2.4.Electroglottograpy -- 2.2.5.Bernoulli force -- 2.2.6.Water-hammer analogy -- 2.2.7.Incomplete closures -- 2.2.8.Isolated closures and glottal stops -- 2.2.9.Videokymography -- 2.2.10.Closed quotient and voice intensity -- 2.3.Vocal Tract -- 2.3.1.Plosives -- 2.3.2.Fricatives -- 2.3.3.Vowels -- ch. 3 Experimental Facts -- 3.1.Microphones and Voice Signals -- 3.1.1.Types and working principles of microphones -- 3.1.2.Source of voice signals -- 3.1.3.Vowels -- 3.1.4.Superposition principle -- 3.2.Electroglottograph and Voice Data -- 3.2.1.Temporal correlation -- 3.2.2.Glottal stops -- 3.3.In-Vivo Pressure Measurements -- ch. 4 The Physics of Voice Production -- 4.1.A Brief Summary of Experimental Facts -- 4.2.The Concept of Timbrons -- 4.3.Acoustic Waves in the Trachea -- 4.4.An Analytic Solution of the Wave Equation -- 4.4.1.Initial conditions and boundary conditions -- 4.4.2.Acoustic waves in the vocal tract -- 4.4.3.Analysis of the solution -- 4.4.4.Numerical solutions for various vowels -- 4.5.Explanations of Experimental Facts -- 4.5.1.Superposition behavior of vowel signals -- 4.5.2.Efficiency of voice production -- 4.5.3.Role of the closed quotient -- 4.5.4.Supraglottal pressure and subglottal pressure -- 4.5.5.Radiation and decay of formants -- 4.6.The Harp Analogy -- pt. II Mathematical Representations -- ch. 5 Timbron Extraction -- 5.1.Some Mathematical Theorems -- 5.1.1.Dispersion relations -- 5.1.2.Uncertainty principle -- 5.1.3.Independence from frame endpoints -- 5.2.The Ends-Matching Procedure -- 5.3.Segmentation Based on EGG Signals -- 5.3.1.Generating segmentation points from EGG signals -- 5.3.2.Estimating the average pitch period -- 5.3.3.Voiced signals with incomplete closures -- 5.4.Segmentation Based on Voice Signals -- 5.4.1.The profile function -- 5.4.2.Width and polarity of the asymmetric window -- 5.4.3.Comparison with segmentation based on EGG -- 5.4.4.Intensity distribution within a pitch period -- 5.5.Stops -- 5.6.Extension to Unvoiced Sections -- 5.7.Amplitude Spectrum of a Timbron -- 5.7.1.Spectral analysis of timbrons -- 5.7.2.Examples -- ch. 6 Timbre Vectors -- 6.1.Distortion Measures -- 6.1.1.Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients -- 6.1.2.Distortion measures for LPC coefficients -- 6.2.Timbre Vectors -- 6.2.1.Laguerre functions -- 6.2.2.Definition of timbre vector -- 6.2.3.Feature vector of a frame -- 6.3.Timbre Vector and Amplitude Spectrum -- 6.4.Timbre Distance -- ch. 7 Waveform Recovery -- 7.1.Phase Recovery -- 7.1.1.An analytic model -- 7.1.2.Dispersion relation: an analytic example -- 7.1.3.Phase spectrum from speech signals -- 7.1.4.Dispersion relation: voice data -- 7.1.5.d'Alembert wave of glottal airflow -- 7.2.Timbron Recovery -- 7.3.Unvoiced Consonents -- 7.4.Recovery of Entire Voice Signal -- 7.4.1.Breathiness Index -- 7.4.2.Fractional voicedness Index -- 7.4.3.Jitter and shimmer -- ch. 8 Applications -- 8.1.Voice Transformation -- 8.1.1.Pitch contour modification -- 8.1.2.Change of speaker identity -- 8.1.3.Speed change -- 8.2.Speech Coding -- 8.2.1.Basic techniques -- 8.2.2.Vector quantization -- 8.2.3.Coding based on timbre vectors -- 8.3.Speech Recognition -- 8.3.1.Frontend of a speech recognizer -- 8.3.2.Acoustic processor with a fixed window size -- 8.3.3.Speech recognition based on timbre vectors -- 8.3.4.Concept of phonette -- 8.4.Speech Synthesis -- 8.4.1.Formant synthesizer and concatenative synthesizer -- 8.4.2.Speech synthesizer based on timbre vectors -- 8.4.3.Timbre fusing -- 8.4.4.Irreducible units -- 8.4.5.Phonette-based universal TTS synthesizer -- 8.5.Syllable-Centered Pitch Parameterization -- 8.5.1.Linear approximation -- 8.5.2.Extraction of parameters -- 8.5.3.An exemplifying case -- 8.5.4.Global pitch contour and phrase type -- 8.5.5.Quadratic approximation -- 8.5.6.The general procedure
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xxvi, 214 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814733908
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
Stock number
99971029917
System control number
(NhCcYBP)13246043
Label
Elements of human voice, C. Julian Chen, Columbia University, USA
Publication
Copyright
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 203-210) and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Machine generated contents note: pt. I Physics and Physiology -- ch. 1 Acoustic Waves -- 1.1.Wave Equation in a Tube -- 1.1.1.Particle displacement and perturbation density -- 1.1.2.Particle velocity and equation of continuity -- 1.1.3.Perturbation pressure -- 1.1.4.Wave equation -- 1.2.d'Alembert Solution -- 1.3.Euler's Transient Resonator -- 1.4.Energy and Power -- 1.4.1.Power of acoustic wave -- 1.4.2.Acoustic energy density -- 1.5.Zero-Particle-Velocity Wavefronts in a Tube -- 1.5.1.Heuristic discussions -- 1.5.2.Laplace-transform solution -- 1.5.3.Energy conversion -- 1.6.Fourier Analysis -- 1.6.1.Amplitude and phase -- 1.6.2.Complex-variable version -- 1.6.3.Fourier transform -- 1.7.Numerical Values -- 1.7.1.Pitch scale -- 1.7.2.Intensity scale -- ch. 2 Voice Organs -- 2.1.Overall Structure -- 2.2.Vocal Folds -- 2.2.1.Anatomy -- 2.2.2.Strobovideolaryngoscopy -- 2.2.3.Laryngeal electromyography -- 2.2.4.Electroglottograpy -- 2.2.5.Bernoulli force -- 2.2.6.Water-hammer analogy -- 2.2.7.Incomplete closures -- 2.2.8.Isolated closures and glottal stops -- 2.2.9.Videokymography -- 2.2.10.Closed quotient and voice intensity -- 2.3.Vocal Tract -- 2.3.1.Plosives -- 2.3.2.Fricatives -- 2.3.3.Vowels -- ch. 3 Experimental Facts -- 3.1.Microphones and Voice Signals -- 3.1.1.Types and working principles of microphones -- 3.1.2.Source of voice signals -- 3.1.3.Vowels -- 3.1.4.Superposition principle -- 3.2.Electroglottograph and Voice Data -- 3.2.1.Temporal correlation -- 3.2.2.Glottal stops -- 3.3.In-Vivo Pressure Measurements -- ch. 4 The Physics of Voice Production -- 4.1.A Brief Summary of Experimental Facts -- 4.2.The Concept of Timbrons -- 4.3.Acoustic Waves in the Trachea -- 4.4.An Analytic Solution of the Wave Equation -- 4.4.1.Initial conditions and boundary conditions -- 4.4.2.Acoustic waves in the vocal tract -- 4.4.3.Analysis of the solution -- 4.4.4.Numerical solutions for various vowels -- 4.5.Explanations of Experimental Facts -- 4.5.1.Superposition behavior of vowel signals -- 4.5.2.Efficiency of voice production -- 4.5.3.Role of the closed quotient -- 4.5.4.Supraglottal pressure and subglottal pressure -- 4.5.5.Radiation and decay of formants -- 4.6.The Harp Analogy -- pt. II Mathematical Representations -- ch. 5 Timbron Extraction -- 5.1.Some Mathematical Theorems -- 5.1.1.Dispersion relations -- 5.1.2.Uncertainty principle -- 5.1.3.Independence from frame endpoints -- 5.2.The Ends-Matching Procedure -- 5.3.Segmentation Based on EGG Signals -- 5.3.1.Generating segmentation points from EGG signals -- 5.3.2.Estimating the average pitch period -- 5.3.3.Voiced signals with incomplete closures -- 5.4.Segmentation Based on Voice Signals -- 5.4.1.The profile function -- 5.4.2.Width and polarity of the asymmetric window -- 5.4.3.Comparison with segmentation based on EGG -- 5.4.4.Intensity distribution within a pitch period -- 5.5.Stops -- 5.6.Extension to Unvoiced Sections -- 5.7.Amplitude Spectrum of a Timbron -- 5.7.1.Spectral analysis of timbrons -- 5.7.2.Examples -- ch. 6 Timbre Vectors -- 6.1.Distortion Measures -- 6.1.1.Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients -- 6.1.2.Distortion measures for LPC coefficients -- 6.2.Timbre Vectors -- 6.2.1.Laguerre functions -- 6.2.2.Definition of timbre vector -- 6.2.3.Feature vector of a frame -- 6.3.Timbre Vector and Amplitude Spectrum -- 6.4.Timbre Distance -- ch. 7 Waveform Recovery -- 7.1.Phase Recovery -- 7.1.1.An analytic model -- 7.1.2.Dispersion relation: an analytic example -- 7.1.3.Phase spectrum from speech signals -- 7.1.4.Dispersion relation: voice data -- 7.1.5.d'Alembert wave of glottal airflow -- 7.2.Timbron Recovery -- 7.3.Unvoiced Consonents -- 7.4.Recovery of Entire Voice Signal -- 7.4.1.Breathiness Index -- 7.4.2.Fractional voicedness Index -- 7.4.3.Jitter and shimmer -- ch. 8 Applications -- 8.1.Voice Transformation -- 8.1.1.Pitch contour modification -- 8.1.2.Change of speaker identity -- 8.1.3.Speed change -- 8.2.Speech Coding -- 8.2.1.Basic techniques -- 8.2.2.Vector quantization -- 8.2.3.Coding based on timbre vectors -- 8.3.Speech Recognition -- 8.3.1.Frontend of a speech recognizer -- 8.3.2.Acoustic processor with a fixed window size -- 8.3.3.Speech recognition based on timbre vectors -- 8.3.4.Concept of phonette -- 8.4.Speech Synthesis -- 8.4.1.Formant synthesizer and concatenative synthesizer -- 8.4.2.Speech synthesizer based on timbre vectors -- 8.4.3.Timbre fusing -- 8.4.4.Irreducible units -- 8.4.5.Phonette-based universal TTS synthesizer -- 8.5.Syllable-Centered Pitch Parameterization -- 8.5.1.Linear approximation -- 8.5.2.Extraction of parameters -- 8.5.3.An exemplifying case -- 8.5.4.Global pitch contour and phrase type -- 8.5.5.Quadratic approximation -- 8.5.6.The general procedure
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xxvi, 214 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814733908
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
Stock number
99971029917
System control number
(NhCcYBP)13246043

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