The Resource Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites

Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites

Label
Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites
Title
Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
To date, the Department of Defense (DoD) has identified nearly 6,000 sites at its facilities that require groundwater remediation and has invested $20 billion over the past 10 years to clean up these sites. In the past, DoD primarily used pump-and-treat technologies to contain or eliminate hazardous contaminants in groundwater. However, the long cleanup times and high costs of using pump-and-treat technologies often make them expensive and ineffective for groundwater remediation. As directed by Public Law 108-375 and as agreed, GAO did the following: (1) described current DoD groundwater remediation technologies; and (2) examined whether any new technologies are being used or developed outside the department that may have potential for DoD's use, and the extent to which DoD is researching and developing new approaches to groundwater remediation. DoD has implemented or field-tested all of the 15 types of generally accepted technologies currently available to remediate contaminated groundwater, including several alternatives to pump-and-treat technologies. Some of these technologies, such as bioremediation, introduce nutrients or other materials into the subsurface to stimulate microorganisms in the soil; these microorganisms consume the contaminant or produce byproducts that help break down contaminants into nontoxic or less-hazardous materials. DoD selects the most suitable technology for a given site on the basis of several factors, such as the type of contaminant and location in the subsurface, and the relative cost-effectiveness of a technology for a given site. DoD has identified a number of contaminants of concern at its facilities, each of which varies in its susceptibility to treatment. GAO did not identify any alternative groundwater remediation technologies being used or developed outside DoD that the department has not considered or used
Cataloging source
DTICE
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Department of defense
  • Decontamination
  • Water pollution abatement
  • Water treatment
  • Ground water
  • Water pollution
  • Methodology
  • Military facilities
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Chemical contamination
  • Toxic hazards
  • Adsorption
  • Field tests
  • Biological contamination
  • Oxidation
  • Extraction
  • Biodegradation
  • Ion exchange
  • Vaporization
  • Chemical cleaning
  • Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
  • Water Pollution and Control
Label
Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Report to Congressional Committees. The original document contains color images
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
47 pages
Form of item
online
Governing access note
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE NOT AVAILABLE IN MICROFICHE
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
System control number
  • (OCoLC)64439418
  • (OCoLC)ocm64439418
Label
Groundwater Contamination: DOD Uses and Develops a Range of Remediation Technologies to Clean Up Military Sites
Publication
Note
Report to Congressional Committees. The original document contains color images
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
47 pages
Form of item
online
Governing access note
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE NOT AVAILABLE IN MICROFICHE
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
System control number
  • (OCoLC)64439418
  • (OCoLC)ocm64439418

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