The Resource International trade : Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions, GAO

International trade : Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions, GAO

Label
International trade : Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions
Title
International trade
Title remainder
Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions
Statement of responsibility
GAO
Creator
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Mexico's maquiladoras have evolved into the largest component of U.S.-Mexico trade. Maquiladoras import raw materials and components for processing or assembly by Mexican labor and reexport the resulting products, primarily to the United States. Most maquiladoras are U.S. owned, and maquiladoras import most of their components from U.S. suppliers. Maquiladoras have also been an engine of growth for the U.S.-Mexico border. However, the recent decline of maquiladora operations has raised concerns about the impact on U.S. suppliers and on the economy of border communities. Because of these concerns, GAO was asked to analyze (1) changes in maquiladora employment and production, (2) factors related to the maquiladoras' decline, and (3) implications of recent developments for maquiladoras' viability. After growing rapidly during the 1990s, Mexican maquiladoras experienced a sharp decline after October 2000. By early 2002, employment in the maquiladora sector had contracted by 21 percent and production had contracted by about 30 percent. The decline was particularly severe for certain industries, such as electronics, and certain Mexican cities, such as Tijuana. The downturn was felt on the U.S. side of the border as well, as U.S. exports through U.S.-Mexico land border ports fell and U.S. employment in manufacturing and certain other trade related sectors declined. The cyclical downturn in the U.S. economy has been a principal factor in the decrease in maquiladora production and employment since 2000. Other factors include increased global competition, particularly from China, Central America, and the Caribbean; appreciation of the peso; changes in Mexico's tax regime for maquiladoras; and the loss of certain tariff benefits as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Maquiladoras face a challenging business environment, and recent difficulties have raised questions about their future viability. Maquiladoras involved in modern, complex manufacturing appear poised to meet the industry's challenges. Still, experts agree that additional fundamental reforms by Mexico are necessary to restore maquiladoras' competitiveness. U.S. trade and homeland security policies present further challenges for maquiladoras
Cataloging source
ALSTP
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
no index present
Language note
In English
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/organizationName
United States
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Offshore assembly industry
  • United States
  • Mexico
  • International economic relations
  • Offshore assembly industry
  • Mexico
  • North America
  • United States
Label
International trade : Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions, GAO
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Title from resource description page (viewed June 16, 2017)
Carrier category
  • other
  • online resource
Carrier category code
  • nz
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Letter -- Structure of Employment Growth in the U.S.-Mexico Border Area -- Effect of U.S. Economic Conditions on Mexican Maquiladoras -- Mexico-China Competition in the U.S. Market for Imports -- U.S.–Mexico Trade, by U.S. Port, 1999–2002 -- Maquiladora Employment Statistics -- Objectives, Scope, and Methodology -- Comments from the Department of State -- GAO Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (iii, 78 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
  • unmediated
  • computer
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
illustrations, maps.
Reformatting quality
access
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)994080545
  • (OCoLC)ocn994080545
Label
International trade : Mexico's Maquiladora decline affects U.S.-Mexico border communities and trade; recovery depends in part on Mexico's actions, GAO
Publication
Note
Title from resource description page (viewed June 16, 2017)
Carrier category
  • other
  • online resource
Carrier category code
  • nz
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Letter -- Structure of Employment Growth in the U.S.-Mexico Border Area -- Effect of U.S. Economic Conditions on Mexican Maquiladoras -- Mexico-China Competition in the U.S. Market for Imports -- U.S.–Mexico Trade, by U.S. Port, 1999–2002 -- Maquiladora Employment Statistics -- Objectives, Scope, and Methodology -- Comments from the Department of State -- GAO Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (iii, 78 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
  • unmediated
  • computer
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
illustrations, maps.
Reformatting quality
access
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)994080545
  • (OCoLC)ocn994080545

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