The Resource Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable

Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable

Label
Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable
Title
Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
America's current account (CA) deficit (the trade deficit plus net income payments and net unilateral transfers) rose as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) from 1991 to a record high of about 6% of GDP in 2006. It began falling in 2007, and reached 3% of GDP in 2009. The CA deficit is financed by foreign capital inflows. Many observers have questioned whether such large inflows are sustainable. Even at 3% of GDP, the deficit is probably still too large to be permanently sustained, and many economists fear that the decline is temporary and caused by the recession. Further, a large share of the capital inflows have come from foreign central banks in recent years, and some are concerned about the economic and political implications of this reliance. Some fear that a rapid decline in capital inflows would trigger a sharp drop in the value of the dollar and an increase in interest rates that could lower asset values and disrupt economic activity. However, economic theory and empirical evidence suggest that the most plausible scenario is a slow decline in the CA deficit, which would not greatly disrupt economic activity because production in the traded goods sector would be stimulated. The financial crisis that worsened in September 2008 would seem to be a good test case of the type of event that could lead to the feared "sudden stop" in foreigners' willingness to finance the CA deficit. While the recession deepened following the crisis, it has not been via a sudden decline in the dollar or a sudden broad spike in U.S. interest rates. On the contrary, the dollar appreciated in value in the months after the crisis and foreign demand for U.S. Treasury bonds has risen since the crisis worsened. On the other hand, there was a large decline in private foreign capital inflows beginning in 2008; had it not been for foreign government purchases of U.S. securities, the CA would have been in surplus in 2009, all else equal
Cataloging source
DTICE
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Labonte, Marc
  • LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Economics
  • Federal budgets
  • Accountability
  • United states government
  • Economics and cost analysis
  • Procurement
  • Domestic
  • Spikes
  • Fear
  • Government(foreign)
  • Foreign
  • Test and evaluation
  • Theory
Target audience
adult
Label
Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Congressional rept
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
23 x 29 cm
Extent
17 pages
Form of item
online
Governing access note
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
System control number
  • (OCoLC)640092690
  • (OCoLC)ocn640092690
Label
Is the U.S. Current Account Deficit Sustainable
Publication
Note
Congressional rept
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
23 x 29 cm
Extent
17 pages
Form of item
online
Governing access note
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
System control number
  • (OCoLC)640092690
  • (OCoLC)ocn640092690

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