The Resource Nicaragua : the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations, Maureen Taft-Morales

Nicaragua : the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations, Maureen Taft-Morales

Label
Nicaragua : the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations
Title
Nicaragua
Title remainder
the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations
Statement of responsibility
Maureen Taft-Morales
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Sandinista leader and former President Daniel Ortega was inaugurated to a five-year term as President on January 10, 2007. Three elements were key to Ortega's victory in the November 2006 presidential election: a change in Nicaraguan electoral law, an effective political machine, and a divided opposition. Orgeta won only 37.9% of the vote, but was able to avoid a run-off vote because he was ahead of the next closest candidate, Eduardo Montealegre of the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (ALN), by more than the 5% required by law. Montealegre, who gained 28.3% of the vote, was regarded by many as the U.S.-favored candidate. His second place position garnered him a seat in the legislature. The Liberal Constitutional party (PLC) then came in third place with 26.2% for candidate Jose Rizo, an ally of the corrupt former President, Arnoldo Aleman. Critics accused both U.S. officials and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez of trying to influence the election's outcome. Ortega was a leader of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) when it overthrew the Somoza family dictatorship in 1979. When the pro-Soviet Sandinistas gained control of the government the United States backed the opposition "contras" who launched an eight-year war (1982-1990) against the government. Ortega's government agreed to democratic elections in February 1990, which he lost. Since 1990 Nicaragua has developed democratic institutions and a framework for economic development. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain: Nicaragua is still very poor, the second poorest nation in the western hemisphere. Its institutions are weak and widely viewed as corrupt. In his first three months in office, Ortega has continued to vacillate between anti-U.S. rhetoric and pragmatic reassurances that his second administration will respect private property and pursue free-trade policies, as he did during his campaign. Ortega and U.S. officials have indicated that both sides are seeking a cooperative relationship, however. There is debate among some Members and the Administration over what the appropriate level and focus of U.S. aid to Nicaragua should be. The Administration says its top priority in Nicaragua is consolidating democratic processes, including reforming the judicial system, implementing good governance, and combating corruption. Another issue is promoting development and poverty reduction; the Millennium Challenge Account compact between the two countries focuses on property rights. Supporting the U.S.-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) is the dominant trade issue; President Ortega has said he will honor the agreement. Resolution of property claims by U.S. citizens and immigration are contentious areas in U.S.-Nicaraguan relations. Other issues in U.S.-Nicaraguan relations include improving respect for human rights, improving civilian control over defense policy, the state of Nicaraguan missiles, and increasing Nicaragua's capacity to combat transnational crimes such as narcotics trafficking
Member of
Cataloging source
SNM
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Taft-Morales, Maureen
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
maps
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS report for Congress
Series volume
RL33983
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Ortega, Daniel
  • Ortega, Daniel
  • Nicaragua
  • Nicaragua
  • Nicaragua
  • United States
  • Poverty
  • International economic relations
  • Diplomatic relations
  • Economic history
  • International economic relations
  • Politics and government
  • Poverty
  • Nicaragua
  • United States
Label
Nicaragua : the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations, Maureen Taft-Morales
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "April 19, 2007."
  • Title from title screen (viewed June 12, 2007)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
11 pages
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)143618429
  • (OCoLC)ocn143618429
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Label
Nicaragua : the election of Daniel Ortega and issues in U.S. relations, Maureen Taft-Morales
Publication
Note
  • "April 19, 2007."
  • Title from title screen (viewed June 12, 2007)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
11 pages
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)143618429
  • (OCoLC)ocn143618429
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader

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