The Resource Oversight of food safety activities : federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources

Oversight of food safety activities : federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources

Label
Oversight of food safety activities : federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources
Title
Oversight of food safety activities
Title remainder
federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources
Title variation
Report to Congressional Requesters
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
GAO has documented many problems resulting from the fragmented nature of the federal food safety system and recommended fundamental restructuring to ensure the effective use of scarce government resources. In this report, GAO (1) identified overlaps in food safety activities at USDA, FDA, EPA, and NMFS; (2) analyzed the extent to which the agencies use interagency agreements to leverage resources; and (3) obtained the views of stakeholders. Several statutes give responsibility for different segments of the food supply to different agencies to ensure that the food supply is safe. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) have the primary responsibility for regulating food safety, with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) also involved. In carrying out their responsibilities, with respect to both domestic and imported food, these agencies spend resources on a number of overlapping activities, such as inspection/enforcement, training, research, or rulemaking. For example, both USDA and FDA conduct similar inspections at 1,451 dual jurisdiction establishments--facilities that produce foods regulated by both agencies. Under authority granted by the Bioterrorism Act of 2002, FDA could authorize USDA inspectors to inspect these facilities, but it has not done so. Furthermore, USDA and FDA maintain separate training programs on similar topics for their inspectors that could be shared. Ultimately, inspection and training resources could be used more efficiently. GAO identified 71 interagency agreements that the agencies entered into to better protect public health and to coordinate their food safety activities. However, the agencies have weak mechanisms for tracking these agreements that, in some cases, lead to ineffective implementation. Specifically, USDA and FDA are not fully implementing an agreement to facilitate the exchange of information about dual jurisdiction establishments, which both agencies inspect. In addition, FDA and NMFS are not implementing an agreement designed to enable each agency to discharge its seafood responsibilities effectively. GAO spoke with selected industry associations, food companies, consumer groups, and academic experts, and they disagree on the extent of overlap and on how best to improve the food safety system. Most of these stakeholders agreed that laws and regulations should be modernized to more effectively and efficiently control food safety hazards, but they differed about whether to consolidate food safety functions into a single agency
Action
digitized
Cataloging source
OCLCE
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
no index present
LC call number
JF1411
LC item number
.O94 2005
Literary form
non fiction
NAL call number
RA601
NAL item number
.O93 2005
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
United States
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Food
  • Food adulteration and inspection
  • Administrative agencies
  • Administrative agencies
  • Food adulteration and inspection
  • Food
  • United States
Label
Oversight of food safety activities : federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
file reproduced from original
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (iii, 90 pages)
Form of item
online
Level of compression
  • lossless
  • lossy
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
illustrations, map
Reformatting quality
  • preservation
  • access
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)690890454
  • (OCoLC)ocn690890454
System details
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Label
Oversight of food safety activities : federal agencies should pursue opportunities to reduce overlap and better leverage resources
Publication
Antecedent source
file reproduced from original
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (iii, 90 pages)
Form of item
online
Level of compression
  • lossless
  • lossy
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
illustrations, map
Reformatting quality
  • preservation
  • access
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)690890454
  • (OCoLC)ocn690890454
System details
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.

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