The Resource South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets : trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era, Regine Qualmann

South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets : trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era, Regine Qualmann

Label
South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets : trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era
Title
South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets
Title remainder
trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era
Statement of responsibility
Regine Qualmann
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Member of
Action
committed to retain for EAST
Cataloging source
BTCTA
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Qualmann, Regine
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
LC call number
HF3901
LC item number
.Q35 2008
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
Series statement
Entwicklungstheorie und Entwicklungspolitik
Series volume
v. 3
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Commerce
  • Marchés locaux
  • Apartheid
  • Politique du commerce extérieur
  • Commerce international
  • Modèles économiques
  • Libéralisation des échanges
  • South Africa
  • South Africa
  • Afrique du Sud
Label
South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets : trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era, Regine Qualmann
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 181-196)
Contents
  • 32
  • 92
  • 7.1
  • Trade Diversion, Trade Creation and Beyond
  • 93
  • 7.2
  • Different Types of Trading Blocs and Potential Implications of 'Hub-and-Spoke' Arrangements
  • 96
  • 7.3
  • The Potential of Regional Spill-Over Effects
  • 97
  • 2
  • 7.4
  • Free Trade Arrangements and Regional Trade Integration: Implications of Theory
  • 99
  • 8
  • Hypotheses for the Empirical Analysis: What Theory Predicts
  • 100
  • III
  • The Emerging Pattern of Trade: Empirical Analysis
  • 104
  • 10
  • Reform of Trade Policy
  • Quantitative Analysis I: A Gravity-Approach to South Africa's Changing Pattern of Trade
  • 105
  • 10.2
  • Theoretical Backing of the Gravity-Approach
  • 106
  • 10.3
  • Recent Applications of the Gravity Model and Implications for the Present Analysis
  • 107
  • 10.4
  • Model Specification and Estimation
  • 34
  • 111
  • 10.4.1
  • Estimation Results
  • 114
  • 10.4.2
  • Post-Trade Simulation and Predictions from the Gravity Model
  • 119
  • 10.4.3
  • Implications from the Model Estimations and Conclusions
  • 126
  • 2.1
  • 11
  • Quantitative Analysis II: Statistical Evidence on the Evolving Pattern of Trade and Specialization in South Africa
  • 128
  • 11.1
  • The Changing Factor Intensity of South Africa's Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 128
  • 11.2
  • Composition and Factor Intensity of Trade with Respect to Different Trading Partners
  • 134
  • 11.2.1
  • Multilateral Liberalization of Trade
  • The Composition of Trade by Broad Commodity Groups
  • 136
  • 11.2.2
  • Trade in Manufactures by Factor-Usage and Trading Partners
  • 139
  • 11.3
  • Shifts in the Pattern of Trade as Indicated by Revealed Comparative Advantage
  • 139
  • 11.3.1
  • General Approach and Findings
  • 34
  • 141
  • 11.3.2
  • Revealed Comparative Advantage in Manufacturing
  • 145
  • 11.3.3
  • Conclusions and Limitations of the Approach
  • 147
  • 11.4
  • Changing Patterns of Inter- and Intra-Industry Trade
  • 150
  • 2.1.1
  • 11.4.1
  • Empirical Measure and General Findings
  • 153
  • 11.4.2
  • Levels of IIT in Bilateral Trade and in a Regional Perspective
  • 157
  • 11.4.3
  • Conclusions and Implications for the Emerging Pattern of Intra-Industry Trade
  • 159
  • 12
  • Sectoral Differences of Tariff Reductions
  • The Regional Pattern of Trade and Specialization and Potential Implications of South Africa's Free Trade Agreements with SADC and the EU
  • 159
  • 12.1
  • Stylised Facts on Trade and Production in the SADC Region
  • 159
  • 12.2
  • Recent Shifts in the Regional Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 160
  • 12.3
  • Trade Creation, Trade Diversion, and Potential Dynamic Effects of Trade Agreements: Review of Previous Literature and Implications
  • 37
  • 163
  • 12.4
  • The Role of Comparative Advantages, Scale Economies, and Implications for the Location of Industries
  • 167
  • 12.5
  • Implications of South Africa's Free Trade Agreements with SADC and the EU
  • 169
  • IV
  • Conclusions and Policy Implications
  • 172
  • I
  • 2.1.2
  • 13
  • Summary of Findings on South Africa's Emerging Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 172
  • 14
  • Implications of the Emerging Pattern of Specialization for the Labour Market
  • 176
  • 15
  • Policy Implications and Outlook
  • 178
  • Effective Rates of Protection
  • 39
  • 2.1.3
  • Trade-related Measures
  • 40
  • 2.2
  • Regional Integration and Bilateral Preferential Trade Agreements
  • 41
  • 2.2.1
  • The Removal of Trade Barriers and Changing Pattern of Trade Flows
  • Regional Integration in SADC
  • 42
  • 2.2.2
  • The Bilateral Trade Agreement with the EU
  • 45
  • 2.3
  • Conclusions on the Implications of Recent Shifts in Trade Policy for the Pattern of Trade
  • 47
  • 3
  • South Africa's Changing Position in Global Trade: Descriptive Evidence of the Evolution of Trade Flows
  • 23
  • 48
  • 3.1
  • Recent Shifts in the Geographical Distribution and Composition of Trade
  • 51
  • 3.2
  • Inhibited Trade in the Apartheid Era
  • 54
  • 3.3
  • Indications of Increasing Trade Openness and Structural Shifts in the Post-Apartheid Period: Descriptive Evidence
  • 59
  • 1.1
  • 3.4
  • Conclusions from the Descriptive Evidence
  • 63
  • II
  • The Impact of Trade Openness on the Pattern of Specialization: What Theory Predicts
  • 65
  • 5
  • Comparative Advantage Theory: Heckscher-Ohlin and the Relative Abundance of Factors as the Main Determinant of Trade
  • 67
  • 5.1
  • Overview of the Economy and Recent Economic Policy
  • The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Relative Factor Prices
  • 70
  • 5.2
  • Relaxing the Assumptions of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Model
  • 73
  • 5.2.1
  • Sector-Biased Technological Differences
  • 73
  • 5.2.2
  • Specific Factors
  • 24
  • 74
  • 5.2.3
  • Complete Specialization
  • 74
  • 5.3
  • Trade Openness, Wages and the Case of a Non-Clearing Labour Market
  • 75
  • 5.4
  • More Factors, More Goods, More Countries
  • 80
  • 1.2
  • 5.5
  • Conclusions and Implications of Comparative Advantage Theory
  • 84
  • 6
  • Scale Economies, Market Size and Distance Between Trading Partners as Determinants of Trade and Specialization
  • 85
  • 6.1
  • Economies of Scale, Monopolistic Competition, and Market Segmentation
  • 86
  • 6.2
  • Problem Statement, Objectives and Structure of the Analysis
  • Intra-Industry Trade and Vertical Specialization: The Role of Factor Endowments Again
  • 88
  • 6.3
  • Intra-Industry Trade, Trade Liberalization and the Labour Market
  • 90
  • 6.4
  • Conclusions and Implications of the New Trade Theory
  • 91
  • 7
  • Regional Trade Integration and Free Trade Arrangements: Potential Effects for the Pattern of Trade and Specialization
Dimensions
23 cm.
Edition
1. ed.
Extent
206 p.
Isbn
9783832929954
Lccn
2008386787
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)166384224
  • (OCoLC)ocn166384224
Label
South Africa's reintegration into world and regional markets : trade liberalization and emerging patterns of specialization in the post-apartheid era, Regine Qualmann
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 181-196)
Contents
  • 32
  • 92
  • 7.1
  • Trade Diversion, Trade Creation and Beyond
  • 93
  • 7.2
  • Different Types of Trading Blocs and Potential Implications of 'Hub-and-Spoke' Arrangements
  • 96
  • 7.3
  • The Potential of Regional Spill-Over Effects
  • 97
  • 2
  • 7.4
  • Free Trade Arrangements and Regional Trade Integration: Implications of Theory
  • 99
  • 8
  • Hypotheses for the Empirical Analysis: What Theory Predicts
  • 100
  • III
  • The Emerging Pattern of Trade: Empirical Analysis
  • 104
  • 10
  • Reform of Trade Policy
  • Quantitative Analysis I: A Gravity-Approach to South Africa's Changing Pattern of Trade
  • 105
  • 10.2
  • Theoretical Backing of the Gravity-Approach
  • 106
  • 10.3
  • Recent Applications of the Gravity Model and Implications for the Present Analysis
  • 107
  • 10.4
  • Model Specification and Estimation
  • 34
  • 111
  • 10.4.1
  • Estimation Results
  • 114
  • 10.4.2
  • Post-Trade Simulation and Predictions from the Gravity Model
  • 119
  • 10.4.3
  • Implications from the Model Estimations and Conclusions
  • 126
  • 2.1
  • 11
  • Quantitative Analysis II: Statistical Evidence on the Evolving Pattern of Trade and Specialization in South Africa
  • 128
  • 11.1
  • The Changing Factor Intensity of South Africa's Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 128
  • 11.2
  • Composition and Factor Intensity of Trade with Respect to Different Trading Partners
  • 134
  • 11.2.1
  • Multilateral Liberalization of Trade
  • The Composition of Trade by Broad Commodity Groups
  • 136
  • 11.2.2
  • Trade in Manufactures by Factor-Usage and Trading Partners
  • 139
  • 11.3
  • Shifts in the Pattern of Trade as Indicated by Revealed Comparative Advantage
  • 139
  • 11.3.1
  • General Approach and Findings
  • 34
  • 141
  • 11.3.2
  • Revealed Comparative Advantage in Manufacturing
  • 145
  • 11.3.3
  • Conclusions and Limitations of the Approach
  • 147
  • 11.4
  • Changing Patterns of Inter- and Intra-Industry Trade
  • 150
  • 2.1.1
  • 11.4.1
  • Empirical Measure and General Findings
  • 153
  • 11.4.2
  • Levels of IIT in Bilateral Trade and in a Regional Perspective
  • 157
  • 11.4.3
  • Conclusions and Implications for the Emerging Pattern of Intra-Industry Trade
  • 159
  • 12
  • Sectoral Differences of Tariff Reductions
  • The Regional Pattern of Trade and Specialization and Potential Implications of South Africa's Free Trade Agreements with SADC and the EU
  • 159
  • 12.1
  • Stylised Facts on Trade and Production in the SADC Region
  • 159
  • 12.2
  • Recent Shifts in the Regional Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 160
  • 12.3
  • Trade Creation, Trade Diversion, and Potential Dynamic Effects of Trade Agreements: Review of Previous Literature and Implications
  • 37
  • 163
  • 12.4
  • The Role of Comparative Advantages, Scale Economies, and Implications for the Location of Industries
  • 167
  • 12.5
  • Implications of South Africa's Free Trade Agreements with SADC and the EU
  • 169
  • IV
  • Conclusions and Policy Implications
  • 172
  • I
  • 2.1.2
  • 13
  • Summary of Findings on South Africa's Emerging Pattern of Trade and Specialization
  • 172
  • 14
  • Implications of the Emerging Pattern of Specialization for the Labour Market
  • 176
  • 15
  • Policy Implications and Outlook
  • 178
  • Effective Rates of Protection
  • 39
  • 2.1.3
  • Trade-related Measures
  • 40
  • 2.2
  • Regional Integration and Bilateral Preferential Trade Agreements
  • 41
  • 2.2.1
  • The Removal of Trade Barriers and Changing Pattern of Trade Flows
  • Regional Integration in SADC
  • 42
  • 2.2.2
  • The Bilateral Trade Agreement with the EU
  • 45
  • 2.3
  • Conclusions on the Implications of Recent Shifts in Trade Policy for the Pattern of Trade
  • 47
  • 3
  • South Africa's Changing Position in Global Trade: Descriptive Evidence of the Evolution of Trade Flows
  • 23
  • 48
  • 3.1
  • Recent Shifts in the Geographical Distribution and Composition of Trade
  • 51
  • 3.2
  • Inhibited Trade in the Apartheid Era
  • 54
  • 3.3
  • Indications of Increasing Trade Openness and Structural Shifts in the Post-Apartheid Period: Descriptive Evidence
  • 59
  • 1.1
  • 3.4
  • Conclusions from the Descriptive Evidence
  • 63
  • II
  • The Impact of Trade Openness on the Pattern of Specialization: What Theory Predicts
  • 65
  • 5
  • Comparative Advantage Theory: Heckscher-Ohlin and the Relative Abundance of Factors as the Main Determinant of Trade
  • 67
  • 5.1
  • Overview of the Economy and Recent Economic Policy
  • The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Relative Factor Prices
  • 70
  • 5.2
  • Relaxing the Assumptions of the Heckscher-Ohlin-Model
  • 73
  • 5.2.1
  • Sector-Biased Technological Differences
  • 73
  • 5.2.2
  • Specific Factors
  • 24
  • 74
  • 5.2.3
  • Complete Specialization
  • 74
  • 5.3
  • Trade Openness, Wages and the Case of a Non-Clearing Labour Market
  • 75
  • 5.4
  • More Factors, More Goods, More Countries
  • 80
  • 1.2
  • 5.5
  • Conclusions and Implications of Comparative Advantage Theory
  • 84
  • 6
  • Scale Economies, Market Size and Distance Between Trading Partners as Determinants of Trade and Specialization
  • 85
  • 6.1
  • Economies of Scale, Monopolistic Competition, and Market Segmentation
  • 86
  • 6.2
  • Problem Statement, Objectives and Structure of the Analysis
  • Intra-Industry Trade and Vertical Specialization: The Role of Factor Endowments Again
  • 88
  • 6.3
  • Intra-Industry Trade, Trade Liberalization and the Labour Market
  • 90
  • 6.4
  • Conclusions and Implications of the New Trade Theory
  • 91
  • 7
  • Regional Trade Integration and Free Trade Arrangements: Potential Effects for the Pattern of Trade and Specialization
Dimensions
23 cm.
Edition
1. ed.
Extent
206 p.
Isbn
9783832929954
Lccn
2008386787
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)166384224
  • (OCoLC)ocn166384224

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