The Resource Sudan : humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy, Ted Dagne

Sudan : humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy, Ted Dagne

Label
Sudan : humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy
Title
Sudan
Title remainder
humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy
Statement of responsibility
Ted Dagne
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Sudan, geographically the largest country in Africa, has been ravaged by civil war intermittently for four decades. An estimated 2 million people have died over the past two decades due to war-related causes and famine, and millions have been displaced from their homes. The relief operation in southern Sudan is being coordinated by Operational Lifeline Sudan (OLS), established in 1989 in response to the 1988 humanitarian crisis in which over 200,000 people died of starvation. The OLS, a consortium of U.N. agencies and three dozen non-governmental organizations (NGOs), operates in both government and rebel-controlled territories. The 21-year civil war has been and continues to be a major contributing factor to recurring humanitarian crisis. There have been many failed attempts to end the civil war in southern Sudan, including efforts by Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, former President Jimmy Carter, and the United States. To that end, the heads of state from Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, and Uganda formed a mediation committee under the aegis of the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD) and held the first formal negotiations in March 1994. In July 2002, the Sudan government and the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) signed a peace framework agreement in Kenya. In early September, the government of Sudan walked out of the Machakos talks and returned under pressure in early October 2002. On May 26, 2004, the government of Sudan and SPLA signed three protocols on Power Sharing, the Nuba Mountains and Southern Blue Nile, and on the long disputed Abyei area. The signing of these protocols resolved all outstanding issues between the parties. On June 5, 2004, the parties signed "the Nairobi Declaration on the Final Phase of Peace in the Sudan." On January 9, 2005, the government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement signed the final peace agreement at a ceremony held in Nairobi, Kenya. The signing of the Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement effectively ended the 21-year old civil war and triggered a six-year Interim Period. Meanwhile, the ongoing crisis in Darfur in western Sudan has led to a major humanitarian disaster, with an estimated 1.9 million people displaced and more than 213,000 people forced into neighboring Chad. While there are no reliable estimates of the number of people killed as a result of the conflict, some observers point that up to 300,000 people have been killed over the past 24 months. In July 2004, the House and Senate declared the atrocities in Darfur genocide, and the Bush Administration reached the same conclusion in September 2004. Relations between the United States and Sudan are poor in part because of Khartoum's human rights violations, its war policy in the south, and its support for international terrorism, although in recent months relations have improved somewhat. In November 1997, the Clinton Administration imposed comprehensive sanctions on the NIF government. President Bush has renewed the sanctions since he came to office in 2001
Member of
Cataloging source
SNM
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Dagne, Theodore S
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
LC call number
DT157.672
LC item number
.D34 2005eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS issue brief for Congress
Series volume
IB98043
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • Sudan
  • Humanitarian assistance
  • Terrorism
  • Humanitarian assistance
  • Diplomatic relations
  • Terrorism
  • Sudan
  • United States
Label
Sudan : humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy, Ted Dagne
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "Updated April 12, 2006."
  • Title from PDF title screen (viewed May 23, 2006)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
15 pages
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)69173512
  • (OCoLC)ocm69173512
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Label
Sudan : humanitarian crisis, peace talks, terrorism, and U.S. policy, Ted Dagne
Publication
Note
  • "Updated April 12, 2006."
  • Title from PDF title screen (viewed May 23, 2006)
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
15 pages
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
digital, PDF file.
System control number
  • (OCoLC)69173512
  • (OCoLC)ocm69173512
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader

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