The Resource The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd : agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature, Ordelle G. Hill

The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd : agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature, Ordelle G. Hill

Label
The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd : agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature
Title
The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd
Title remainder
agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature
Statement of responsibility
Ordelle G. Hill
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The Manor, the Plowman, and the Shepherd is a study of agrarian history and economics that illuminates the literature of England for the late medieval and early Renaissance period (ca. 1300-1600). During the fourteenth century, basic changes in the country resulted from natural and man-made crises: famine, plague, war, and rebellion. As population declined, the manorial institution changed, and the arable farming considered essential for the manor gradually yielded to a more profit-oriented pastoral way of life, a subtle change identified in late thirteenth-century poems such as "The Man in the Moon," "Song of the Husbandman," A Satire of Edward II's England, and Wynnere and Wastoure. One of the most recognizable images of the old way of life, but also representing a troubled force in the new way of life, is the plowman, whose strong spiritual and social associations are central to Piers Plowman and present in the works of writers such as Chaucer, Gower, and the anonymous authors of the Piers Plowman tradition. The agrarian economic conditions of the fifteenth century, which permitted extensive leasing of demesne land to enterprising peasant farmers, give rise to the literary creation of the "new" farmer, a beggar on horseback, a less severe and more humorous type in such works as "John the Reeve," "How the Plowman Learned his Paternoster," "The Turnament of Tottenham," and various short poems. Closely related to the comic farmer is the shepherd, who began to appear particularly in the mystery plays. This is the beginning of a native pastoral tradition that will contribute to the prevailing pastoral literature of the sixteenth century. By the early sixteenth century, the agrarian landscape changed to more pastoral land, more enclosures, and a decrease in (or a rearrangement of) manorial lands. Increased population and an abundance of labor created economic tensions that caused moralizers to cry out for reform, but there is no evidence pastoral lands decreased even by the end of the century. In literature, the plowman tradition continued to exist in such forms as the remarkable sermon by Bishop Latimer, but more often than not it was viewed nostalgically as part of the past, and used to address the problems brought about by the pastoral economy of the sixteenth century. The plowman can be identified even as late as Spenser's Faerie Queene where he assumes the moral associations of the fourteenth-century type, and in Sidney where the plowman becomes the unsympathetic buffoon. But it is the shepherd who becomes the familiar voice of morality (Skelton and Spenser), of love (Sidney, Spenser, and Shakespeare), and of basic human values (Spenser and Shakespeare)
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Hill, Ordelle G
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
index present
LC call number
PR418.P3
LC item number
H54 1993
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • English literature
  • English literature
  • Pastoral literature, English
  • Civilization, Medieval, in literature
  • Country life in literature
  • Agriculture in literature
  • Farm life in literature
  • Manors in literature
  • Renaissance
  • Figures of speech
  • Letterkunde
  • Platteland
  • Engels
  • Literatur
  • Landleben
  • Geschichte
  • Landwirtschaft
  • Geschichte (1500-1700)
  • Agriculture in literature
  • Civilization, Medieval, in literature
  • Country life in literature
  • English literature
  • English literature
  • Farm life in literature
  • Figures of speech
  • Manors in literature
  • Pastoral literature, English
  • Renaissance
  • Mittelenglisch
  • Englisch
  • England
Label
The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd : agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature, Ordelle G. Hill
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 232-248) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
257 pages
Isbn
9780945636427
Lccn
91051054
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
  • (OCoLC)26160066
  • (OCoLC)ocm26160066
Label
The manor, the plowman, and the shepherd : agrarian themes and imagery in late medieval and early Renaissance English literature, Ordelle G. Hill
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 232-248) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
24 cm
Extent
257 pages
Isbn
9780945636427
Lccn
91051054
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
  • (OCoLC)26160066
  • (OCoLC)ocm26160066

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