The Resource The nature of rationality, Robert Nozick

The nature of rationality, Robert Nozick

Label
The nature of rationality
Title
The nature of rationality
Statement of responsibility
Robert Nozick
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Repeatedly and successfully, the celebrated Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick has reached out to a broad audience beyond the confines of his discipline, addressing ethical and social problems that matter to every thoughtful person. Here Nozick continues his search for the connections between philosophy and "ordinary" experience. In the lively and accessible style that his readers have come to expect, he offers a bold theory of rationality, the one characteristic deemed to fix humanity's "specialness." What are principles for? asks Nozick. We could act simply on whim, or maximize our self-interest and recommend that others do the same. As Nozick explores rationality of decision and rationality of belief, he shows how principles actually function in our day-to-day thinking and in our efforts to live peacefully and productively with one another. In Nozick's view, misconceptions of rationality have resulted in many intractable philosophical problems. For example, the Kantian attempt to make principled behavior the sole ultimate standard of conduct extends rationality beyond its bounds. In this provocative volume, Nozick reformulates current decision theory to include the symbolic meaning of actions in areas from controlling impulses to fighting society's war against drugs. The author proposes a new rule of rational decision, "maximizing decision-value," which is a weighted sum of causal, evidential, and symbolic utility. In a particularly fascinating section of the book he traces the implications of this rule for the famous Prisoner's Dilemma and for Newcomb's Problem. Rationality of belief, according to Nozick, involves two aspects: support by reasons that make the belief credible, and generation by a process that reliably produces true beliefs. A new evolutionary account explains how some factual connections are instilled in us as seemingly self-evident, thus reversing the direction of Kant's "Copernican Revolution." Proposing a theory of rational belief that includes both the intellectual credibility of the belief and the practical consequences of believing it, Nozick also provides a fresh resolution of the "lottery paradox." Finally, Nozick explores the scope and limits of instrumental rationality, or the effective and efficient pursuit of given goals, and suggests some new conditions on the rationality of goals. Throughout, the book combines daring speculations with detailed investigations to portray the nature and status of rationality and the essential role that imagination plays in this singular human aptitude
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Nozick, Robert
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
BC177
LC item number
.N69 1993
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Reasoning
  • Reason
  • Razón
  • Philosophie
  • Décision
  • Raison
  • Raisonnement
  • Reason
  • Reasoning
  • Rationaliteit
  • Argumentatie
  • Geloof
  • Rationalität
  • Vernunft
  • Raisonnement
  • Raison
  • Pensée
  • Raisonnement
  • Rationalité
  • Vernunft
  • Rationalität
  • Rationales Verhalten
  • Theorie
Label
The nature of rationality, Robert Nozick
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [183]-217) and indexes
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
I. How to Do Things with Principles. Intellectual Functions. Interpersonal Functions. Personal Functions. Overcoming Temptation. Sunk Costs. Symbolic Utility. Teleological Devices -- II. Decision-Value. Newcomb's Problem. Prisoner's Dilemma. Finer Distinctions: Consequences and Goals -- III. Rational Belief. Cognitive Goals. Responsiveness to Reasons. Rules of Rationality. Belief. Bias -- IV. Evolutionary Reasons. Reasons and Facts. Fitness and Function. Rationality's Function -- V. Instrumental Rationality and Its Limits. Is Instrumental Rationality Enough? Rational Preferences. Testability, Interpretation, and Conditionalization. Philosophical Heuristics. Rationality's Imagination
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xvi, 226 pages
Isbn
9780691001623
Lccn
92046660
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)27267050
Label
The nature of rationality, Robert Nozick
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [183]-217) and indexes
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
I. How to Do Things with Principles. Intellectual Functions. Interpersonal Functions. Personal Functions. Overcoming Temptation. Sunk Costs. Symbolic Utility. Teleological Devices -- II. Decision-Value. Newcomb's Problem. Prisoner's Dilemma. Finer Distinctions: Consequences and Goals -- III. Rational Belief. Cognitive Goals. Responsiveness to Reasons. Rules of Rationality. Belief. Bias -- IV. Evolutionary Reasons. Reasons and Facts. Fitness and Function. Rationality's Function -- V. Instrumental Rationality and Its Limits. Is Instrumental Rationality Enough? Rational Preferences. Testability, Interpretation, and Conditionalization. Philosophical Heuristics. Rationality's Imagination
Dimensions
25 cm
Extent
xvi, 226 pages
Isbn
9780691001623
Lccn
92046660
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations
System control number
(OCoLC)27267050

Library Locations

  • African Studies LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Alumni Medical LibraryBorrow it
    72 East Concord Street, Boston, MA, 02118, US
    42.336388 -71.072393
  • Astronomy LibraryBorrow it
    725 Commonwealth Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA, 02445, US
    42.350259 -71.105717
  • Fineman and Pappas Law LibrariesBorrow it
    765 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350979 -71.107023
  • Frederick S. Pardee Management LibraryBorrow it
    595 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.349626 -71.099547
  • Howard Gotlieb Archival Research CenterBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 5th Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Mugar Memorial LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Music LibraryBorrow it
    771 Commonwealth Avenue, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350723 -71.108227
  • Pikering Educational Resources LibraryBorrow it
    2 Silber Way, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.349804 -71.101425
  • School of Theology LibraryBorrow it
    745 Commonwealth Avenue, 2nd Floor, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.350494 -71.107235
  • Science & Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    38 Cummington Mall, Boston, MA, 02215, US
    42.348472 -71.102257
  • Stone Science LibraryBorrow it
    675 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA, 02445, US
    42.350103 -71.103784
Processing Feedback ...