The Resource The neural basis of free will : criterial causation, Peter Ulric Tse

The neural basis of free will : criterial causation, Peter Ulric Tse

Label
The neural basis of free will : criterial causation
Title
The neural basis of free will
Title remainder
criterial causation
Statement of responsibility
Peter Ulric Tse
Creator
Contributor
Provider
Subject
Summary
The issues of mental causation, consciousness, and free will have vexed philosophers since Plato. This book examines these unresolved issues from a neuroscientific perspective. In contrast with philosophers who use logic rather than data to argue whether mental causation or consciousness can exist given unproven first assumptions, Tse proposes that we instead listen to what neurons have to say. Because the brain must already embody a solution to the mind--body problem, why not focus on how the brain actually realizes mental causation? Tse draws on exciting recent neuroscientific data concerning how informational causation is realized in physical causation at the level of NMDA receptors, synapses, dendrites, neurons, and neuronal circuits. He argues that a particular kind of strong free will and downward mental causation are realized in rapid synaptic plasticity. Recent neurophysiological breakthroughs reveal that neurons function as criterial assessors of their inputs, which then change the criteria that will make other neurons fire in the future. Such informational causation cannot change the physical basis of information realized in the present, but it can change the physical basis of information that may be realized in the immediate future. This gets around the standard argument against free will centered on the impossibility of self-causation. Tse explores the ways that mental causation and qualia might be realized in this kind of neuronal and associated information-processing architecture, and considers the psychological and philosophical implications of having such an architecture realized in our brains
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Tse, Peter
Index
no index present
LC call number
QP360.5
LC item number
.T75 2013
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
NLM call number
  • 2013 C-389
  • WL 337
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
MIT CogNet
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Cognitive neuroscience
  • Free will and determinism
  • Neuropsychology
  • Science
Label
The neural basis of free will : criterial causation, Peter Ulric Tse
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [309]-409) and indexes
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
1. Introduction: The Mind-Body Problem Will Be Solved by Neuroscience -- 2. Overview of the Arguments -- 3. A Criterial Neuronal Code Underlies Downward Mental Causation and Free Will -- What Is Will? -- What Is Criterial Causation? -- 4. Neurons Impose Physical and Informational Criteria for Firing on Their Inputs -- How Can Neurons Realize Informational Criteria? -- The Bottom-Up Information-Processing Hierarchy for Visual Recognition -- Decision Making and Action -- Attention and Top-Down Modulation of Bottom-Up Processing -- Basic Issues in Neuronal Information Processing: Balancing Excitation and Inhibition -- Tonic versus Phasic Firing -- The Sweet Spot of Neural Criticality -- Synchrony among inhibitory Interneurons -- Attentional Binding and Gamma Oscillations -- Attentional Binding by Neuronal Bursting -- Neural Epiconnectivity and Rapid Synaptic Resetting -- Amplifying Microscopic Randomness to Spike Timing Variability -- 5. NMDA Receptors and a Neuronal Code Based on Bursting -- Spiny and Nonspiny Neurons -- The NMDA Receptor -- Long-Term Potentiation Is Not the Mechanism of Rapid Synaptic Plasticity -- Spike Timing-Dependent Plasticity -- The Role of Back-Propagating Action Potentials in Rapid Synaptic Plasticity and Bursting -- A Neuronal Burst Code -- Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Cholinergic Feedback -- Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Noncholinergic Feedback -- Conclusion -- 6. Mental Causation as an Instance of Criterial Causation -- Criterial Causation and the Detection of Patterns in Input -- Criterial Causation: Multiple Realizability Is Not Enough -- Addressing Kim's Challenge -- There Is No Backward Causation in Criterial Causation -- Criterial Causation Is a Causation of Pattern-Released Activity -- 7. Criterial Causation Offers a Neural Basis for Free Will -- Strong Free Will -- Criterial Causation Escapes the Basic Argument against Free Will -- James and Incompatibilist Physicalist Libertarianism -- Decision Making and Choice -- Conclusion -- 8. Implications of Criterial Causality for Mental Representation -- The Neural Code Is Not Algorithmic -- Criterialism, Descriptivism, and Reference -- Countering Kripke's Attack -- Wittgenstein and Criteria -- Propositions and Vectorial Encodings -- Mental Operations versus Mental Representations -- Beyond Functionalism -- 9. Barking Up the Wrong Free: Readiness Potentials and the Role of Conscious Willing -- Libet's Experiments Do Not Disprove the Possibility of Free Will -- Is Conscious Willing Causal? -- Illusions of Volitional Efficacy -- 10. The Roles of Attention and Consciousness in Criterial Causation -- Why Are There Qualia? -- Iconic versus Working Memory -- Stage 1 Qualia as Precompiled Informational Outputs of Preconscious Operations -- Qualia as a Shared Format for Endogenous Attentional Operations -- Experience Is for Endogenously Attending, Doing, and Planning -- Volitional Attentional Tracking Requires Consciousness -- If an Animal Can Attentionally Track, Is it Conscious? -- Volitional Attention Can Alter Qualia -- Qualia and Chunking: Types of Qualia -- Qualia and the Frontoparietal Network -- The Superpositionality of Qualia -- Zombies Are Impossible -- Tying It All Together
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780262019101
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(MITCogNet)130021
Label
The neural basis of free will : criterial causation, Peter Ulric Tse
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [309]-409) and indexes
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
1. Introduction: The Mind-Body Problem Will Be Solved by Neuroscience -- 2. Overview of the Arguments -- 3. A Criterial Neuronal Code Underlies Downward Mental Causation and Free Will -- What Is Will? -- What Is Criterial Causation? -- 4. Neurons Impose Physical and Informational Criteria for Firing on Their Inputs -- How Can Neurons Realize Informational Criteria? -- The Bottom-Up Information-Processing Hierarchy for Visual Recognition -- Decision Making and Action -- Attention and Top-Down Modulation of Bottom-Up Processing -- Basic Issues in Neuronal Information Processing: Balancing Excitation and Inhibition -- Tonic versus Phasic Firing -- The Sweet Spot of Neural Criticality -- Synchrony among inhibitory Interneurons -- Attentional Binding and Gamma Oscillations -- Attentional Binding by Neuronal Bursting -- Neural Epiconnectivity and Rapid Synaptic Resetting -- Amplifying Microscopic Randomness to Spike Timing Variability -- 5. NMDA Receptors and a Neuronal Code Based on Bursting -- Spiny and Nonspiny Neurons -- The NMDA Receptor -- Long-Term Potentiation Is Not the Mechanism of Rapid Synaptic Plasticity -- Spike Timing-Dependent Plasticity -- The Role of Back-Propagating Action Potentials in Rapid Synaptic Plasticity and Bursting -- A Neuronal Burst Code -- Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Cholinergic Feedback -- Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Noncholinergic Feedback -- Conclusion -- 6. Mental Causation as an Instance of Criterial Causation -- Criterial Causation and the Detection of Patterns in Input -- Criterial Causation: Multiple Realizability Is Not Enough -- Addressing Kim's Challenge -- There Is No Backward Causation in Criterial Causation -- Criterial Causation Is a Causation of Pattern-Released Activity -- 7. Criterial Causation Offers a Neural Basis for Free Will -- Strong Free Will -- Criterial Causation Escapes the Basic Argument against Free Will -- James and Incompatibilist Physicalist Libertarianism -- Decision Making and Choice -- Conclusion -- 8. Implications of Criterial Causality for Mental Representation -- The Neural Code Is Not Algorithmic -- Criterialism, Descriptivism, and Reference -- Countering Kripke's Attack -- Wittgenstein and Criteria -- Propositions and Vectorial Encodings -- Mental Operations versus Mental Representations -- Beyond Functionalism -- 9. Barking Up the Wrong Free: Readiness Potentials and the Role of Conscious Willing -- Libet's Experiments Do Not Disprove the Possibility of Free Will -- Is Conscious Willing Causal? -- Illusions of Volitional Efficacy -- 10. The Roles of Attention and Consciousness in Criterial Causation -- Why Are There Qualia? -- Iconic versus Working Memory -- Stage 1 Qualia as Precompiled Informational Outputs of Preconscious Operations -- Qualia as a Shared Format for Endogenous Attentional Operations -- Experience Is for Endogenously Attending, Doing, and Planning -- Volitional Attentional Tracking Requires Consciousness -- If an Animal Can Attentionally Track, Is it Conscious? -- Volitional Attention Can Alter Qualia -- Qualia and Chunking: Types of Qualia -- Qualia and the Frontoparietal Network -- The Superpositionality of Qualia -- Zombies Are Impossible -- Tying It All Together
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780262019101
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • n
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(MITCogNet)130021

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