The Resource USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years : issues for Congress, Marian Leonardo Lawson

USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years : issues for Congress, Marian Leonardo Lawson

Label
USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years : issues for Congress
Title
USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years
Title remainder
issues for Congress
Statement of responsibility
Marian Leonardo Lawson
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
"The Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) at the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) was created in 1994 to bridge the gap between emergency disaster relief programs and long-term development assistance. The program is relatively small, with regular appropriations averaging $40-$60 million annually and a full-time staff of about 50. Supplemental funding and transfers from other foreign assistance accounts, particularly through the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund, have at times substantially increased the program's funding levels. Congress may take particular interest in OTI this year, as the Administration's FY2010 budget proposal requests $126 million for the Transition Initiatives account, a 150% increase over the 2009 estimate. OTI's legislative authority is based on the disaster relief provision of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, which allows for broad executive discretion. This freedom from administrative requirements, intended to enhance the program's rapid response capability, allows OTI to pursue a wide range of activities but also reduces program transparency and, according to some, accountability. OTI has been active in 36 countries since its inception, and program focus varies widely from country to country. Typical activities include reintegrating combatants in a post-conflict environment through employment programs, providing equipment and technical support for independent media organizations, organizing civic forums, and supporting small, community-led infrastructure projects intended to show quick and tangible benefits from transitions toward peace and democracy. Most OTI grants are small and in-kind, ranging in value from $5,000 to $50,000, though much larger grants have been approved. There is considerable congressional interest in and support for strengthening capacities at USAID and other civilian agencies involved in foreign affairs. In its 15 years in operation, OTI has served in part as a laboratory within USAID to try innovative approaches to development, and there may be a range of lessons to be learned from the program that are applicable to this broader debate. The 111th Congress may wish to consider several aspects of the OTI program, from personnel structure and contracting mechanisms to coordination with other U.S. assistance programs, as part of oversight or legislated reform activities concerning OTI, USAID, or foreign assistance in general."
Member of
Cataloging source
SNM
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
  • charts
Index
no index present
LC call number
HC60
LC item number
.L347 2009eb online
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Library of Congress
Series statement
CRS report for Congress
Series volume
R40600
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • United States
  • United States
  • United States.
  • United States
  • Economic assistance, American
  • United States
  • United States
  • Diplomatic relations
  • Economic assistance, American
  • Finance
  • International relations
  • United States
Label
USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years : issues for Congress, Marian Leonardo Lawson
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Title from PDF cover (Federation of American Scientists, viewed July 9, 2010)
  • "May 27, 2009."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
1 online resource (21 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
map.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)426039861
  • (OCoLC)ocn426039861
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Label
USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives after 15 years : issues for Congress, Marian Leonardo Lawson
Publication
Note
  • Title from PDF cover (Federation of American Scientists, viewed July 9, 2010)
  • "May 27, 2009."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Extent
1 online resource (21 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Note
Hein Online
Other physical details
map.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (OCoLC)426039861
  • (OCoLC)ocn426039861
System details
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
  • System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader

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